2020 GLOBAL NUTRITION REPORT: NIGERIA ON COURSE TO MEET GLOBAL TARGETS FOR U-5 OVERWEIGHT
The 2020 Global Nutrition report (GNR 2020) has been launched amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. It is the world’s leading report on the state of global nutrition. This year’s report titled “Action on Equity to end malnutrition” observed the critical role of addressing inequity to end malnutrition in all its forms. It emphasized that inequity is a cause of malnutrition –undernutrition, overweight, obesity and other diet-related chronic diseases.
Although everyone deserves access to healthy and affordable food as well as quality nutrition care, the report indicates that this access is mired by deeper inequities that arise from unjust systems and processes that structure everyday living conditions. GNR 2020adopts the concept of nutrition equity to expound those inequities and demonstrate how they determine opportunities and barriers to attaining healthy diets and lives, leading to unequal nutrition outcomes. It further examines the global burden of malnutrition with an equity lens to develop a fuller understanding of nutrition inequalities.
According to the report, the COVID 19 pandemic has worsened the fragility of the Africa’s systems hence undermining efforts to feed a population already grappling with other infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS and Ebola. It says the region has made considerable effort to reduce the prevalence of stunting among children under 5 years of age remains the region by far the hardest hit by overlapping forms of malnutrition.
GNR 2020 says Nigeria is on course to meet the global target for under-five overweight, but off course to meet the targets for all other indicators analyzed. It indicates insufficient target data to assess Nigeria’s progress for low birth weight. It singles out Nigeria as making no progress towards tackling adulthood obesity.
See Infographic excerpts below on Nigeria’s nutrition profile culled from the 2020 GNR
Nigeria is at the brink of an overnutrition explosion and needs to take urgent steps to address this.
There is a decline in underweight and a steady rise in overweight among children and adolescents in Nigeria.
The report strongly recommends:
1) that governments, businesses and civil society step up efforts to address malnutrition in all its forms by tackling injustices in food and health systems.
2) commitments and investments in routine collection of equity sensitive nutrition data
3) mainstreaming nutrition within universal health coverage
4) creation and implementation of strong regulatory and policy frameworks, and fiscal instruments, to support healthier diets and
5) increase in domestic financing for nutrition.